- 1 Overview
- 2 Symptoms of Blood cancer
- 3 Blood Cancer Causes
- 4 Diagnosis of Blood Cancer
- 5 Types of Blood Cancer
- 6 Blood Cancer Treatment in India & Therapy
- 7 Best Hospitals and Oncologist for Blood Cancer Treatment in India
- 8 Stem Cell Treatment Centres in Delhi
- 9 Cost of Blood Cancer Treatment in India
- 10 FAQ’s
Blood cancer has been associated with obstructing the production and function of blood cells. This type of cancer originates in the bone marrow which plays a crucial role in the production of blood. Blood cancer treatment in India is cost-effective and can be easily availed. The situation of cancer arises when the blood production process is hampered, and an abnormal type of blood cells grow. The various types of blood cancer are Leukaemia, Lymphoma and Myeloma.
Symptoms of Blood cancer
Some known signs of blood cancer are as follows:
Fever and severe shivering
Fatigue, Exhaustion and Malaise
Loss of appetite
Loss of weight
Pain in the joint or bones
Skin rashes and itchiness
Difficulty in urine passage
Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck, underarms, groin
Blood Cancer Causes
Some of the known causes of blood cancer are as follows:
Weaker immune system
History of Infections
Exposure to radiations and lethal chemicals
Diagnosis of Blood Cancer
- Physical exam: The patient must undergo a physical exam which involves examining the lymph nodes in the underarms, neck and groin to check for swelling. Spleen or liver will also be monitored if any swelling persists. Sometimes swollen lymph nodes are signs of inflammation and not lymphoma.
- Medical history: A patient’s overall health and medical records are scrutinised, keeping the risk factors in mind.
- Blood tests: Complete blood count (CBC) is done to monitor the number of white blood cells. Sometimes, patients are advised to undergo a lactate dehydrogenase level.
- Imaging procedures: A chest X-ray or CT scan of the chest holds potential in detecting cancer and enlarged lymph nodes. Positron emission tomography (PET) scanning has thus opened doors for easy detection of blood cancer.
- Biopsy: At times, biopsy of lymph nodes is done to diagnose the cause of the swelling. The samples are then scrutinised under a microscope so that the disease can be diagnosed.
- Bone marrow biopsy: A bone marrow biopsy is done to determine how widespread the tumour is. The bone marrow is extracted via inserting the needle into the bone.
Types of Blood Cancer
Various types of blood cancer are as follows:
Leukaemia: The driving force of this type of cancer is when production of abnormal blood cells in the bone marrow is rampant. These abnormal blood cells have been associated with impeding the bone marrow’s ability to produce red blood cells and platelets. There are four types of leukaemia:
- Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML)
- Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (ALL)
- Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia (CML)
- Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL)
Some other types of leukaemia are:
- Acute Promyelocytic Leukaemia (APL)
- Hairy Cell Leukaemia (HCL)
- Large Granular Lymphocytic Leukaemia (LGL)
- T-cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (T-ALL)
- Chronic Myelomonocyte Leukaemia (CMML)
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma: A type of cancer that originates in the lymphatic system from cells called lymphocytes, a form of white blood cell that plays a vital role in combatting infections. The situation of cancer arises when these cells in the lymph node mature in an uncontrollable manner.
Hodgkin lymphoma: Another type of lymphoma cancer that originates in the lymphatic system from an abnormal lymphocyte called the Reed-Sternberg cell (or B lymphocyte).
Multiple Myeloma: Cancer that stems from the blood’s plasma cells, a type of white blood cell that is manufactured in the bone marrow. This type is linked with impeding the production of plasma cells that takes a toll on the immune system.
Blood Cancer Treatment in India & Therapy
Bone Marrow Transplant
Best Hospitals and Oncologist for Blood Cancer Treatment in India
The best oncologists and the hospitals for blood cancer are as follows:
Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram- Dr Vinod Raina
Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram – Dr Rahul Bhargava
Max Smart Super Speciality Hospital, Saket – Dr Rahul Naithani
BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi- Dr Amit Agarwal
BLK Super Speciality Hospital, New Delhi- Dr Dharma Choudhary
State-of-the-art HEPA (High-Efficiency Particulate Air) filtered Bone Marrow Transplant unit at Max Healthcare has opened doors to conducting stem cell transplantation for both benign and malignant blood cancer in both paediatric and adults.
Max Healthcare Department of Haemato-oncology is envisioned to enhance the facilities and care for patients who have myeloma cancer, thereby exposing them to a novel and minimally invasive therapeutic procedures.
Stem Cell Treatment Centres in Delhi
Stem Cell Care India
Stem Cell Cure India
Global StemGenn Therapy
Cost of Blood Cancer Treatment in India
Blood Cancer treatment is comparatively cost-effective in India. The cost of undergoing bone marrow transplant or stem cell transplant for removal of Lymphoma starts from USD 23000. Radiation therapy costs near about USD 5000, and the cost of chemotherapy per cycle is USD 500.
If one undergoes stem-cell therapy then the cost of stem cell local aesthetics starts from USD 5000, and that of systematic therapy goes up to 50,000, depending upon the overall health the patient and the treatment one undergoes. Stem cell therapy is conducted in sessions; the dose of the drug in the first sitting is high, but in due course, it decreases once the patient starts responding positively to the treatment.
The cost of availing blood cancer treatment in India also depends on various other factors.
- Preference of hospital
- Preference of Stem Cell Therapy Centre
- Choice of the oncologist
- Type, grade and how widespread the cancer is
- Post-operative expenses
Why should you consider India for Blood Cancer Treatment?
Indian hospitals have the state-of-the-art infrastructure and stick to their vision of delivering highest quality care to their patients. These hospitals have a panel of adroit Haemato-oncologists & radiation oncologists to its credit who are not only expert at their work but also try to make the patients feel at ease. In addition to this, Indian healthcare facilities offer a varied range of cuisines, and hence most of the hospitals like Medanta Hospital is quite close to the airport, which cuts the travel duration of the patients from the airport to the hospital.
Indian healthcare centres are equipped with extensive diagnostic and imaging facilities, in addition to Asia’s most cutting-edge MRI and CT technology. Stem Cell Therapy professionals dispense top-notch treatment at an economical cost.
Another advantageous factor for availing blood cancer treatment in India is that there are various healthcare platforms which have with Indian’s leading hospitals and oncologists. One of such platform is MedMonks, which impeccably functions and coordinates with the patients, thereby improvising treatment in India. Headed by healthcare professionals, MedMonks guides patients via drafting their treatment plan and helps patients avail treatment at a minimal cost.
- What is the procedure for treating leukaemia?
Treatment of leukaemia varies from person to person, depending on the type, grade and how widespread the cancer is. For dormant and slow-maturing leukaemia, a patient should be timely monitored whereas severe and widespread leukaemia demands chemotherapy which is at times combined with radiation therapy and bone marrow transplant.
- 2. What is the association between age and risk of blood cancer?
As one age, mutations in gene and DNA variations occur which may up the risk of blood cancer and hence most of the cases of blood cancer have been predominantly ranged from middle-age and older adults.
- How can blood cancer be averted?
Unlike some other diseases, lifestyle factors have little effect in increasing odds of blood cancer. Nonetheless, blood cancer can be warded off by incorporating a healthy and balanced diet coupled with regular physical activity, which has potentially been linked with mitigating the odds of developing a variety of lifestyle diseases and cancer.
- What is monoclonal gammopathy and how is it linked to the risk of multiple myeloma?
Recent research sheds light on how monoclonal gammopathy (a condition which is determined when traces of an abnormal protein, called monoclonal protein, persists) of undetermined significance may mature into multiple myeloma.