- 1 Common Reasons for Infertility
Common Reasons for Infertility
Infertility diagnosis is extremely distressing, and presently infertility rates are on the surge. Pertaining to the fact that infertility affects 1 in 6 couples; this calls for efficient management of the disease.
It is important for couples to understand and have the know-how of what prompts infertility and what are various fertility tests so that healthy fertilisation can be restored. Shedding light on primary infertility; couples who have been struggling to have a baby for more than a year or two are at the primary stage. Secondary infertility is associated with parents who are persistently failing in achieving another pregnancy.
These are some noteworthy reasons as to why you’re struggling to have a baby. Individuals take note; your diagnosis towards the disorder and seeking treatment is the most significant step as it may avert infertility.
Hormonal imbalance in the body is the driving force of ovulation disorder, which further disturbs menstrual cycles. Hormonal imbalance is deemed to be the sole reason for ovulation disorder. Other factors such as disrupted networking between the pituitary gland, the ovaries and the follicles are another contributor to the disease.
Some of the reasons of hormonal imbalance are as follows:
Low-grade egg quality
Improper functioning of the endocrine glands
Sedentary lifestyle and unhealthy diet
Low Body Weight
Higher Body Mass Index
Prolonged exposure to contraceptive pills
Alteration in genetic make-up
Low Sperm Count
It has been found out that a sperm count which is less than 20 million sperm per ml is considered to be a low sperm count. Various lifestyle factors have been linked to low sperm count such as sedentary lifestyle, alcoholism and smoking, imbalanced and unhealthy diet, stress, exposure to environmental toxins, EMF’s and tight clothing. Some of the other factors are:
Patients who were exposed to radiations and underwent chemotherapy during cancer treatment.
Improper functioning of the reproductive organs
Low-grade Sperm Quality
Low-grade sperm quality is associated with sperm motility, which refers to the movement of the sperm, and morphology, which refers to the shape of the sperm. Poor sperm movement is known as asthenozoospermia. Poor sperm quality accounts for 25 percent of all the infertility cases.
Clogged Fallopian Tubes
The fallopian tubes are the channels via which the ova travel to the uterus from the ovaries, and thus a blockage in these tubes may put a woman at risk of infertility.
Some of the reasons as to what leads to clogged fallopian tubes are as follows:
Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID), often from STD’s
Endometriosis is a condition characterised by restricted shredding of the endometrium lining of the uterus during menstruation, and hence the tissue is found in the adjacent areas of the uterus. Endometriosis accounts for 35-50 percent of infertility cases, which is threefold of the rate of infertility among the entire population.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is characterised by a hormonal imbalance in the female body, which takes a toll on the patient and may lead to disturbed menstrual cycle, gain in weight, excess hair growth, insulin resistance, skin rash, and small ovarian cysts.
Patients take note, it is not mandatory that every woman exhibits similar symptoms and signs, which is why the diagnosis has become difficult. Every second reproductive age women are being diagnosed with PCOS, which calls for immediate managing of the disease.
Poor Egg Health
Exposure to environmental toxins, stress, sedentary lifestyle, unbalanced diet and ageing are few factors that affect the quality of the egg.
Poor ovarian reserve (low follicle count) coupled with low-grade egg quality before the age of 40 puts an individual at risk of Premature Ovarian Failure (POF).
Various other contributors are as follows:
Damage to the reproductive organs
Patients who undergo chemotherapy are at elevated risk of developing the disease
There have been cases when semen has caused an immune response, both in males and females. Antibodies are produced during the immune response that demolishes the sperm. Excessive production of sperm antibodies hampers the fertilization process. Antisperm antibodies also destroy the sperm that survives, and it hence increases odds of miscarriage.
Vas Deferens Blockage
Vas Deferens blockage is linked with a blockage in the epididymis. The Vas Deferens tube is a carrier of the fertile sperm. Various contributors to the disease are Varicocele of the testicles, Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD’s) such as gonorrhoea or Chlamydia. Varicocele is usually treated surgically.
Combination infertility is associated with infertility in both the partners. Of all the infertility cases, 20-30% account to combination infertility.
Unexplained infertility accounts for 15 percent of all the cases, which implies that a definitive cause of infertility cannot be diagnosed even after undergoing various tests and screenings.
There are various healthcare platforms like MedMonks which provide medical assistance to patients in availing cost-effective treatment in India. They have tie-ups with leading hospitals in India, which help in formulating the most suitable treatment for the IVF. Such healthcare platforms help patients in scheduling appointment with the best IVF specialists and provide 24*7 counselling regarding treatment queries.