Whether you are scheduled for a kidney transplant or your doctor has recommended it to you recently, it is important to consider every possible risk of the procedure and speak to your doctor about it. Here is an article that enlightens you regarding various risks your kidney transplant procedure can have.
These risks are widely divided into three kinds:
- The risk of the procedure itself
- Risks related to consumption of immunosuppressants
- Risks related to complications in the transplanted kidney
There is a chance of a patient suffering from a minor infection of the urinary tract, cold, flu etc. after the surgery, such infections are quite common and can be treated easily. But if infections like pneumonia and cytomegalovirus (CMV) occur, there is a need for hospital treatment.
Often after the surgery, blood clots can occur in the arteries that are connected to the donated kidney, this is very rare and can have 1 % chance of occurring. These blood clots can be dissolved with the use of medicines, but if they don’t dissolve there might be a need to remove the donated kidney if the blood supply is blocked.
Arterial stenosis refers to the narrowing of the artery that is connected to the kidney. This situation can lead to high blood pressure and to rectify the problem, a stent is placed to widen the artery and avoid its narrowing again.
Blockage in Ureter
The ureter is a tube that is responsible for carrying urine from kidney to the bladder; there are chances that the ureter could be blocked after surgery. In such cases, a catheter is inserted to drain the fluid form ureter and unblock it. In some cases, a surgery could also be required to unblock the ureter.
Urine leakage normally occurs during the first month after the surgery, the urine fluid may build up in the stomach and leak through a surgical incision. In such cases, a surgery is conducted to repair this event.
Temporary rejection of kidney
Your body may not readily accept an external organ when it is transplanted, this may lead to the rejection of the kidney. Your doctor will prescribe you with immunosuppressant’s that will help in countering rejection issues. But even after consumption of the immunosuppressant medicines the rejection still remains common during the first few months of the surgery.
Side effects of immunosuppressants
Immunosuppressants support your new kidney in getting accommodated, but they have few side effects too. These side effects include increased risk of infections, the risk of diabetes, High blood pressure, weight gain, hair loss or extra hair growth, swelling of gums, thinning of bones, acne and increased risk of cancer. All these side effects can be minimized if the doctor prescribes the right kind of immunosuppressant, and keeps the dosage levels optimum.
To minimize all the risks of transplants, it is important to choose a doctor that is experienced in handling such surgeries and complications. If you haven’t chosen the hospital and doctor for your transplant yet, this might be the time to evaluate all the options you have and make a wise decision. With this being said you couldn’t ignore the freedom medical tourism provides you with, you can look for best doctors in countries like India where costing isn’t a problem. Cost of kidney transplant in India in the most renowned hospitals too is quite affordable. Consulting organisations like MedMonks which has expertise in finding the best treatment options in India can also help.