The prostate gland plays an important part in human procreation. It produces the thick, white fluid that mixes with the semen, and gets ejaculated during sexual activity. The gland is of the size of a golf ball or walnut. The prostate gland is present below the bladder right in front of the rectum. It also covers and protects urethra’s upper part and the tube which carries urine out of the body through the bladder. Any type of problem in the prostate can lead to dysfunction in the sexual and urination function.
Three Common Conditions That Affect Prostate Glands:
Prostatitis: is a form of inflammation or infection that occurs in the prostate. Prostatitis often causes burning sensations or pain during urination, trouble urinating, urgent urges to urinate, painful or difficult ejaculation, and pain in the perineum which is the area between the rectum and scrotum or inside the lower back.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia: is a benign medical condition in which the patient’s prostate gland enlarges with progressing age. The enlarged prostate due to BPH (Benign prostatic hyperplasia) can compress the urethra, causing slow or no flow of urine, in the same way like the bending in garden hose stops or reduces the flow of water. BPH affects approximately 3/4 of men above the age of 60.
Prostate Cancer:is the abnormal growth or division of cells inside the prostate that cause cancer, which can also spread in other organs or tissues of the body. In some rare cases, cancer can also spread in the prostate from other organs. In the USA, every 1 man in 7 men are diagnosed with prostate cancer during their lifetime. It occurs mainly in older men.
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Prostate Gland Enlargement: A Prevalent Condition that You Should know about!
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia is a prevalent prostate problem that afflicts 50% of men around the world who are above the age of 50.
By the time men turn 60, half of them develop an enlarged prostate or BPH. By age 85, these proportions reach up to 90%.
Fortunately, BPH doesn’t increase an individual’s risk of developing sexual problems or getting prostate cancer, but it can affect their quality of life, causing embarrassing urination problems.
Prostate enlargement is a gradual process. However, most men think its symptoms to be sign of aging than an underlying medical condition.They considertheir frequent trips to the washroom as a natural part of the aging phenomenon. But small doses of certain medication can significantly help in relieving these symptoms, helping in achieving less urinary urgency and reducing nighttime awakenings because of bathroom visits.
How Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia damages your body?
BPH places direct pressure on your urethra that makes it harder for urine to expel.
Feeling the pressure
As men age, their prostate grows from a walnut’s size to lemon’s size. Researchers haven’t found the exact cause of prostate growth but believe that this change occurs because of certain male hormones like dihydrotestosterone that tend to act more aggressively on the prostate gland as the age progresses.
Because the bladder is located just above the prostate when it enlarges it compresses the urethra and the tube that is connected to the penis which carries the urine from the bladder out of the body, which may lead to different urination problems.
For example, patients might have trouble urinating, feeling that the bladder is not completely emptied, and continued urine dribbling afterward. Urine that doesn’t get out of the bladder can collect and increase the risk of bladder infection. Symptoms of infection might include frequent bathroom trips, painful urination and loss of bladder control. Urinary tract/ bladder infections can also result in the development of kidney infection.
Treatment of BPH
There are several drugs that can help in preventing the risk or controlling the symptoms of BPH.
It is important for men to go for regular prostate checkups, during which they will be able to check BPH as well as cancer. lin
Surgery can help remove the excess tissues, removing the enlarged portion, if medications fail to relieve the symptoms or cause any undesirable side effects.