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Things you need to know- Neurology and Neurosurgery


Neurology is a term often confused with neurosurgery. However, both have several dissimilarities. In fact, while both deals with diseases or functional malfunctions in the brain, muscles and brain, there is a massive difference in the manner both the fields conduct treatments.



This branch tackles with disorders of the nervous system. Specific conditions like epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, dementia, seizures and Alzheimer’s disease etc. are diagnosed and treated under neurology. In addition, problems such as difficulty with excellent coordination, handwriting struggles, speech problems etc. come under neurological problems. Also, neurology includes a variety of other problems such as sleep disorders, toxic and metabolic conditions, infections of the nervous system. Under the medical term, “Neurology”, specific procedures that vary from mild to worst condition comes. The patient needs to undergo a series of medical screening examinations that comprises neurological exams. Such neurological tests allow a patient’s inspection to determine the patient’s mental status, weaknesses, strengths, sensation, coordination power and more. Further, the patient can be asked to undergo a CT scan and MRI scan as an additional method to conclude the diagnosis. Treatment modalities such as medicines, coordination management and therapies etc. fall under the branch of neurology.


Neurosurgery involves the treatments of the nervous system. The approach of both the branch such as neurosurgery and neurology are entirely different. Neurology is a field that is dictated by experts called neurosurgeons. In fact, neurosurgeons are physicians who are able to perform surgeries on people with neurological disorders. This field offers treatment to enhance the health condition of the patient with neurological disorders with the help of minor or major surgical methods. Also, it uses advanced surgical methods which cannot be used in neurology. There are a variety of surgical intervention methods that are employed to cure trauma caused to the head, brain tumors, cerebral haemorrhages, brain aneurysms, peripheral neuropathy and spinal disc herniation.

Neurology can further be divided into the following categories:

  1. Pediatric neurosurgery
  2. Neuro-oncology
  3. Interventional Neuroradiology
  4. Neurovascular surgery

Pediatric neurology is a sub-branch that involves the disorders of the nervous system in children. Neuro-oncology deals with treatments for the fatal neurological diseases that could lead to cancer. Interventional neuroradiology includes methods that are minimally-invasive in nature; this sub-branch treats parts such as the head, neck and spine. Lastly, Neurovascular surgery is the management of diseases like stroke and cerebral disorder.

This article must have helped you to gather specific and essential information to differentiate between neurology and neurosurgery as such effortlessly. While both of these methods can differ in their approach, they can be combined to offer the best healthcare service to a patient. Ergo, neurology and neurosurgery have a significant contribution to make in order to treat various types of neurological disorders successfully.

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