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Which Vitamins Do Patients need after a Weight Loss Surgery?

It’s no secret that diabetes, obesity, heart conditions and other weight-related disease are the most pressing medical issues faced by the healthcare system today.

Bariatric Surgery has become a suitable option for patients, who struggle to lose weight despite trying measures like exercise, diet, and medications. Countless patients around the world were able to improve their health following bariatric surgery.

Weight loss surgery offers patients with an alternative treatment program, that delivers guaranteed results, increasing the standard of their life, boosting their confidence, making them look and feel younger and more healthier.

However, there are a few complications involved in this procedure that patients should know about. One of the biggest one being mineral and vitamin deficiency after weight loss surgery. The human body is created in a way, in which all nerves and organs correspond and interact with one another.Surgical removal of any organ or part of the body, hence results in lack of production some important elements. Here we will discuss some vitamins which are required by the body following bariatric surgery.

1. Vitamin B12

Vitamin B12 is amongst the most important and common vitamin deficiencies found in the majority of the population around the world. For readers who are not aware of the role of this vitamin, B12 plays a significant role in producing red blood cells and the healthy functionality of the central nervous system.

Patients having B12 Vitamin deficiency often are or become anemic over time and complain tingling and numbness in their nerves. Terminal Ileum, a part of the digestive tract is responsible for absorbing this vitamin almost exclusively,  which is removed during the weight loss aka bariatric surgery. In some case patients can lose their ability to absorb this nutrient completely, making it important that it is consumed in the right ratio.

2. Iron

Iron deficiency is the second most common mineral deficiencies found in people around the world, and patients who had undergone bariatric surgery areat agreater risk of developing this deficiency. Often patients who undergo bariatric surgery have a portion of their intestinal tract or stomach removed, that results in leaving a smaller digestive surface in the body for absorbing the minerals and nutrients required by it. A common consequence of iron deficiency can include symptoms like fatigue, weakness, and pale colored skin. Consulting a nutritionist and consuming an iron supplement regularly is a simple, preventative solution for this deficiency.

3. Vitamin D

Lastly, the risk of another vitamin deficiency that occurs following bariatric surgery includes vitamin D. A vast population in the world who hasn’t been under weight loss surgery suffers from Vitamin D deficiency.

When patients get their intestinal tract shortened or undergo a duodenal switch, the risk of developing this deficiency get even higher if compared to an average person. Vitamin D is an essential component that helps in building strong bones. The body usually struggles to utilize calcium properly, without this vitamin.

Oftentimes people with deficiencies don’t experience any symptoms, which puts them at high risk of developing more severe effects down the road including constant fatigue, bone loss, fractures, chronic joint pain, and even depression. Patients are recommended to consult a physician and get their vitamin D levels checked for determining if they need a supplement or not.


These are just three of the many vitamins and mineral deficiencies which will be followed in a patient’s body after a weight loss surgery. It is better to prevent these deficiencies from growing and turn into something serious. A general vitamin healthcare checkup will allow patients to know the levels of deficiencies in their body. Usually, the symptoms of these short comes can take months to develop and to be experienced by a patient. Investing in your health from the start and taking regular supplements in advance is better than suffering.

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